When I was a teenager in the Caribbean island state of Trinidad & Tobago, one had to take a School Leaving exam at the end of one's high school career and obtain passes in various subjects which summed up and evidenced to the world how well one had learned the subjects that one had studied for years, and was now being tested on. These passes were looked at very seriously by employers in determining whether or not they would hire you.
The exams were created by Cambridge University in England, and the island government paid a fee to the University for each and every student in the island-state who took the school-leaving test, for each and every subject tested. There was great prestige conferred upon students who excelled on the tests, and the single student in the entire island who had the highest average passing score among all the tests would win an ISLAND SCHOLARSHIP to go to England to study.
Since there was not the infrastructure to support it, and zero firms to hire such a graduate, no Island Scholar in those days ever studied engineering. Instead they would study Law or Medicine and return home to automatically find themselves among the upper crust of society. But there were hundreds of other students who did not win THE Island Scholarship, but who all came within a hair's breadth of it.
Because of the racial composition of the population of the island, the island scholar, the hundreds who came within a hair's breadth of the scholarly achievement of the island scholar, and the thousands who came within a little finger's width of the scholarly achievement of the Island Scholar, WERE ALL BLACK OR BROWN, AND OF EAST INDIAN OR AFRICAN HERITAGE. This destroyed the theory of racial intellectual superiority but affirmed the fact of cultural superiority. You see all these black and brown students were culturally British in outlook and values, and a member of WESTERN CIVILIZATION. The cultural heritage that they had absorbed, and of which they were now living embodiments, had PREPARED THEM to excel at ALL OF these subjects.
The skewing of the BELL CURVE towards the upper percentiles which the scholarly achievements of these thousands of students caused was so robust that many a year Cambridge University would send investigative teams to determine if there was any cheating. They never found any cheating because there never was any cheating. We on the island knew that they had become suspicious because what these black and brown students on the outskirts of the former British empire were doing was, by liberal dogma, IMPOSSIBLE!! They were trouncing the white students of England, in exams written by white university-educators of England, even despite the higher percentage of money spent per student in England for classrooms outfitted with the most modern equipment, and taught well-compensated teachers dragging around Ph.D. in he subjects they taught. This violated the liberal orthodoxy that educational achievement is improved by spending more money. We were VERY DISAPPOINTED during those - thankfully few _ years when the University did not see fit to send down an investigative team. It meant that we were slipping and had to tighten up.
My detached (from the rest of the school, as those about to take the school leaving exams were put in a special class that was physically separated from all the other classes) classroom for preparing for the school leaving exams was, when I think back to it, really just a big chicken shed, with large, 2 inch square, grid wire all the way around to let in the morning and afternoon breezes.
And yet there was more excitement about learning there, within that chicken coop of learning, than I have experienced anywhere else, even including American University, where I found that there were many students in attendance for all sorts of reasons, none of which was a love for learning. They were all interested in "what is the answer" and not "what is the correct method". They all wanted to know "how", but no one ever asked "why". They were all more interested in obtaining the high grade than in obtaining the knowledge which that high grade is SUPPOSED to reflect. And they were all perfectly willing to lie, cheat, or engage in any and all underhanded and unethical actions to obtain that high grade. They mastered cheating and deception, but not the subject matter, and now I wonder if that was not the function and the goal of the 'educational' system all along.
But in my previous 'chicken coop of learning', I remember the teacher asking a question, especially so in mathematics, and most especially so calculus, and the entire class of students would be literally scrambling over each other with our hands raised beseeching the teacher to call upon us to give the answer. We were all in fierce competition with each other, and yet if you asked the guy with whom you were in closest competition, and who is only a fraction of a point above you in a particular subject, for help or tutoring in that subject, he would willingly and gladly do so, and he would not sabotage you by giving false information, as I experienced in my American University days. We were in serious competition with each other but we all expected to prevail honorably through hard work, and not through lying and trickery.
Black Americans suffer the curse of low expectations, first of the world towards them, and then eventually of themselves about themselves. I remember correcting the language of a female, black American student in my college days. Talking about her plans for the coming semester she said, "If I pass Calculus II over the summer, then next semester I am going to take ...". My head immediately came up, and I told her she should instead say, "After I pass Calculus II this summer, what I am going to take next semester is ...". I would not relent until she said the sentence the correct way. She had already been in college 10 years at this point, and had failed or dropped Calculus II three times. We joked that she was on the lifetime college plan, but maybe it really was no joke. Anyway she corrected her language, and that made her do whatever she had to do to pass the class, which she did, that summer".
Thank you Tom Sowell for being an intellectual giant who sees through the many layers of liberal bullshit under which this society is buried.