People only blame empires for Africa being poor. Again colonialism isnt the only cause of poverty. If it was then why is the USA so rich? It was a colony of Britain.
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I'm glad to be listening to your channel, you always answer most of the wondering that I have and make it clearer to me. Thank you.
Sergio Leonardo Cornejo
Most people forget cultural progress was achieved through trade, food, and health. Living in isolated places where danger is prevalent and food scarce guarantees a delay.
Excellent presentation. There is a book authored by the Egyptian scholar Gamal Hamdan in the 1960s named " The New Africa: A Study In Political Geography" has almost the same analysis about how the geography of Africa is the main cause of the African underdevelopment . The book is in Arabic.
Thomas Sowell always provides great insight, and this is no exception.
As a kid I believed the myth that Europeans were able to come into a continent that they were totally unfamaliar with and start enslaving people who actually lived there with no local help like clockwork: Having served in the Marines I now know that myth to have been tactically impossible
I think this means that the African people were not only depressed by their unique geography, but also preserved by it. Technological and cultural forms that would have been out competed or destroyed in other places were preserved allowing vast stretches of primitive technological forms to survive and thrive. It makes you think maybe the stimulus that prompted the rise of advanced technology in other places was as much war and conflict as trade and exchange. When a civilization develops and advanced technology they use it to conquer other regions and spread their technology as a result.
I am enjoying this series immensely.
Great video…it’s something I’ve always wondered about. But nothing I knew made sense.
I wish I found out about Thomas Sowell earlier. Thank you for voicing his essays.
I love the analysis he does on the geography and it makes sense. Sure slavery, colonialism, and corruption have hampered Africa, but geography does more to explain the enduring conditions that restrict development than anything else. Europe destroyed itself twice in world wars, and yet emerged and prospered afterwards. Geography is destiny.
Before 1820 more than 95% of the human race lived on less than the equivalent of $1.90 per day. Poverty has been the default condition of humanity. Producing sufficient wealth to get out of poverty is the mystery.
Dr.Thomas Sowell is an American treasure.
As much as I respect Mr. Sowell, I don't think you can blame Africa's poor economy on geography alone. There are plenty regions around the world with poor geography that have still propered at one time or another. I myself come from a landlocked European country and most of our export and import has been done by land, yet we were the wealthiest country of Europe in Medieval times. Similarily, most of Rome's prosperity northwards was by building quality roads, often in wild territories untouched by human activity, such as forests. White farmers of Zimbabwe and South Africa were able to feed their countries just fine prior to the ongoing genocide. If only geography is to blame, then how come a coastal country like Somalia is doing so extremely poorly? In other words, unfavourable geography can make your start harder, but, on it's own, is no reason to prevent you from economic prosperity. It's usually a combination of geography, biology, culture, and sometimes the unfortunate "luck" of having an extremely prosperous neighbour that's going to invide you. Saying it's only geography is a fairly PC answer. Which isn't neccessarily bad, because sometimes you need a less truthful argument to get someone to listen at all, before you spread the entire truth in front of them.
Thank you so much for making this video on Africa and geography. As an African myself (Nigerian, specifically) it always annoys me when most people only attribute Africa's current problems to "colonialism or racism", effectively removing personal responsibility of us Africans, and ignore more important factors like geography, climate, socioeconomic systems, political unity and leadership. Thanks for focusing on those areas.
Imagine having a teacher in high school that shows these 20 odd minute videos in class and has an open discussion with the remaining 40 minutes.